Ficaria ranunculoides. Scrophularia minor. Lesser Celandine. Pilewort. N. O. Ranunculaceae. Tincture of whole fresh plant.
Characteristics.-The "Lesser Celandine" is not botanically related to the true Celandine, Chelidonium magus, or to the Figwart tribe (Scrophularia), though it is named in the old books Scrophularia minor. R. ficaria is in all respects a true Crowfoot except that it has three deciduous instead of five persistent sepals, and nine petals instead of five. "It groweth in medows, by commonwaies, by ditches and trenches, and it is common everywhere, in moist and dankish places. It cometh forth about the Calends of March, and floureth a little after: it beginneth to fade away in April, it is quite gone in May, afterwards it is hard to be found, yea scarcely the root" (Gerarde). Gerarde's cut of the plant shows whence the idea of its use in piles was derived-the cluster of small tubers growing around the crown of the root bears a striking resemblance to a bunch of piles. Sir J. Sawyer, of Birmingham, has recently (Chem. & Drug., May 25th, 1901) confirmed the old signaturists in these observations. He has successfully used all ointment prepared by macerating in lard at 100Â° F., for twenty-four hours, the whole plant, gathered when in bloom, and cut up. The proportions are one part of the plant to three of lard. Homoeopaths Would do well to give it internally at the same time.